!!! The Academy of Europe - Academia Europaea
We are a European, non-governmental association acting as an Academy. Our members are scientists and scholars who collectively aim to promote learning, education and research. Founded in 1988, with over 2000 members which includes leading experts from the physical sciences and technology, biological sciences and medicine, mathematics, the letters and humanities, social and cognitive sciences, economics and the law.\\

!!History of the Academia Europaea

[{Image src='AE.jpg' caption='The foundation meeting September 1988 \\Click to enlarge' width='400' class='image_left' alt='AE'}] The concept of a 'European Academy of Sciences' was raised at a meeting in Paris of the European Ministers of Science in 1985. The initiative was taken by the Royal Society (UK) which resulted in a meeting in London in June 1986 of Arnold Burgen (UK), Hubert Curien (F), Umberto Columbo (ITA), David Magnusson (S), Eugen Seibold (Germany) and Ruud van Lieshout (NL) – who agreed to the need for a new body that could express the ideas and opinions of individual scientists from across Europe.\\ 

This body was seen to be a complement to the European Science Foundation in its role as a co-ordinator of the European interests of national research funding agencies and organisations. The objectives were kept deliberately broad covering the humanities, social and natural sciences, so as to ensure interdisciplinary discourse and activities. Initial modalities were to include annual meetings of members, multidisciplinary meetings, an interdisciplinary journal, a newsletter, providing independent advice, improving mobility of scholars within Europe and improving public understanding of science.\\

The new body was named the Academia Europaea and its Foundation Meeting was held in Cambridge in September 1988 under the first President, Arnold Burgen. Hubert Curien, who was at that time the French Minister of Science (and later became the second President of the Academia) arrived by helicopter and gave the inaugural address and provided the active support of the French government. The first Plenary Meeting was held in London in June 1989, by which time there were 627 members.\\ 

Since 1989, there has been a period of remarkable changes to the scientific, political and economic landscape of the continent of Europe. The Academia Europaea has evolved within this environment, from its origins as an organisation of predominantly "western European" scholars, into a uniquely independent body - a truly pan-European Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Letters.

The funding of the Academy is based on an original endowment, contributions from some of the member countries, special projects (such as the [Riksbanken|http://www.rj.se/english] project) and by other organisations like the Academie Leopoldina who is also supporting the Academia Europaea financially. See also under [Patrons|Acad_Main/Patrons].

!Founding Visions of the Academia Europaea

A project funded by the AE new initiatives fund and lead by Prof. [Anne Buttimer|User/Buttimer_Anne] (University College Dublin). This "new initiative" is a proposal for video-recorded interviews with members of Academia Europaea's founding generation, inviting each one to express the ideas and motivations which inspired the venture. 
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__[Interviews with founding members.|Acad_Main/About_us/History/Founding_Visions]__
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!!Patrons
List of [Patrons|Acad_Main/Patrons] supporting Academia Europaea through grants, projects or sponsorship \\ \\


!!Members with very special distinctions

[Nobel Prize|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Nobel_Prize]\\
[Wolf Prize|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Wolf_Prize]\\
[Turing Award|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Turing_Award]\\
[Field Medal|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Fields_Medal]\\
[Lasker Award|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Lasker_Award]\\
[Abel Prize|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Abel_Prize]\\
[Gödel Prize|Acad_Main/Members/Prizes,_Awards_and_Medals/Gödel_Prize]\\



!!Awards and Prices of Academia Europaea

!Erasmus Medal and Lecture
The Erasmus Medal is awarded annually to outstanding individuals,  in recognition of their personal and significant contribution to European science and scholarship and its international impact. The Erasmus Medal of the Academia Europaea, is awarded on the recommendation of the Council, to a member who has maintained over a sustained  period, the highest level of international scholarship and recognition by peers.  Winners of this distinction are invited to give a special Erasmus talk at the annual meeting. See list [of winners and what the medal looks like here!|Acad_Main/Activities/Awards_and_Prizes/Erasmus_Medal]\\

!The Academia's Gold Medal
The Academia’s Gold Medal is awarded to those non-members of the Academia and to organisations in recognition of the contribution made to European science through inspiration, public support, management expertise or by financial means. See [list of awardees and what the medal looks like here|Acad_Main/Activities/Awards_and_Prizes/Gold_Medal] !\\

!The Russian Prizes
The Russia Prizes (annual): Up to 30 young Russian scholars who show immense promise at the Post- doctoral level are identified by Russian members of the Academia Euroapea. The awards provide a cash prize, medal and certificate, and cover all discplines of the Sciences and the Humanities. See [2009 awards here|Acad_Main/Activities/Awards_and_Prizes/Russian_Prizes].\\

!The Burgen scholarships 
Awards are made to enable young/early stage researchers in the host country of the annual conference, to participate in the event. Awards consist of costs of participation; Book prizes, Poster presentations and certificate. Up to ten scholars are idenitified each year by the local organising group for the annual conference. \\ \\
*[2010 Burgen scholars|Acad_Main/Burgen_Scholars_2010] 
*[2011 Burgen scholars|Acad_Main/Burgen_Scholars_2011]

!Honorary Life Presidency
In 2008 the Council made an exceptional award to Professor Sir Arnold Burgen FRS. In recognition of his key role in the creation of the Academia Europaea during his period as the Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society (of London); his subsequent period as Founding President; his continuing, active involvement both as a Trustee and as the founding Editor-in-Chief of the European Review. The Council created and awarded him the honorific title of "Praesidis Perpetui honoris causa"( Honorary Life President). [This was bestowed at the 20th Annual conference, held at Liverpool University in September 2008|User/Burgen_Arnold/Highlight/Life President Certificate] .\\

!Honorary Members
[See here|Acad_Main/Members/Honorary_Members] !

!Funds
For "The new initiative fund" and "The A-20 fund" see documents on [main server here|http://www.acadeuro.org/index.php?id=287]\\



!!Headquarters of the Academia Europaea

The Academy of Europe is located in a flight of rooms at the [Royal Institution of Great Britain in London|Acad_Main/Centers_of_Activity] .\\

The Royal Institution is an independent charity dedicated to connecting people with the world of science. Research has been part of the RI for 200 years, and the tradition continues today with cutting-edge work on nanotechnology and health science. 

!History of the Royal Institution of Great Britain

[{Image src='ri.jpg' width='180px' alt='Royal Institution' class='image_left'}] The Royal Institution is the creation of the colourful character Benjamin Thompson, or Count Rumford as he was known. I hesitate to call Thompson a scientist, because he did so many things in his unconventional life. Thompson was born in March 1753, the son of a farmer, in Woburn, Massachusetts. His father died when Benjamin was young, so after a rudimentary education, work as a shop assistant was required to support the family. Young Benjamin then used a combination of self-education and charm to find work as a physician's apprentice and a school teacher, before marrying a rich widow which set him up nicely. He took to organising scientific expeditions, but soon found himself in trouble when he threw in his lot with the British authorities during the American War of Independence. After working for the British as a spy, Thompson eventually charmed his way into a passage to England, arriving in 1776. Work followed in the government, and also on scientific projects. Continually restless, Thompson decided to try his luck in Europe, and soon found himself an important figure in the government of Bavaria! By 1792 Benjamin Thompson had become Count Romford. 1792 saw Rumford resuming his scientific interests, studying the nature of heat. Spending some time in London he came up with the idea of a combined museum, which of course would give prominence to his own work, research and educational establishment. This vision became reality as the Royal Institution in Albermarle Street. {quoted from [infobritain.co.uk|http://www.infobritain.co.uk/Royal_Institution.htm]}
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